Wednesday, 4 January 2017

What is the scientific method?




The scientific method is defined by a method of procedure that has characterised natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses. The scientific method is basically a process of experimentation that is used to explore observations and answer questions.
When direct experimentation is not possible, scientists modify the scientific method. However, even when modified the goal remains the same which is to discover cause and effect relationships by asking questions, carefully gathering and examining the evidence, and seeing if all the available information can be combined into a logical answer.


Whenever you are doing any type of hands-on science inquiry, the scientific method will help you work through your observations and data to answer the question properly.



The steps of the scientific method include:
  • What is the scientific method?
    The scientific method is defined by a method of procedure that has characterised natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses. The scientific method is basically a process of experimentation that is used to explore observations and answer questions.

    When direct experimentation is not possible, scientists modify the scientific method. However, even when modified the goal remains the same which is to discover cause and effect relationships by asking questions, carefully gathering and examining the evidence, and seeing if all the available information can be combined into a logical answer.

    Whenever you are doing any type of hands-on science inquiry, the scientific method will help you work through your observations and data to answer the question properly.
    The steps of the scientific method include:
    • Asking a question
  • The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? (5W1H)
    • Doing Background Research
  •   Use information from the library or Internet research to help you find the best way to do things and ensure that you don't repeat mistakes from the past.
    • Constructing a Hypothesis
  •  A hypothesis is an educated guess about how things work. It is an attempt to answer your question with an explanation that can be tested. A good hypothesis allows you to then make a prediction.
    • Testing that Hypothesis by Conducting an Experiment
  • Your experiment tests whether your prediction is accurate and thus your hypothesis is supported or not. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test. You conduct a fair test by making sure that you change only one factor at a time while keeping all other conditions the same.
    • Analyse the Data and Draw a Conclusion
  • Once your experiment is complete, you collect your measurements and analyse them to see if they support your hypothesis or not.
    • Communicate Your Results
  • To complete your project you will communicate your results to others in a final report.

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